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Timber Species

Botanical Name

Timber Colour

Hardness in kN (Janka)


Dry Density kg/m3
Based on a MC 12%

Durability Class 
Above Ground
(1 - 4)

Australian Beech
Blend of lighter hardwood species
From pale brown with golden hues to a light cream with a slightly pink

7.1
 
780 - 900

3
Moderate rating
Blackbutt
Eucalyptus Gummifera
Cream to pale brown
 9.1
900
1
High Rating

Blue Gum

Eucalyptus saligna

Dark pink to rich red

9.0

850
2
Reasonably High Rating
Brush Box
Tristania conferta
Dark pink to rich reddish brown
9.5
900
3
Moderate Rating
Cypress
Callitris glaucophylla
Light yellowish-orange to brown
6.1
700
1
High Rating

Damar Minyak 
 

Agathis Dammara
Straw or pale yellow brown with a pink tinge

2.7
 
550
4
Low Rating
Grey Box
Eucalyptus microcarpa
Pale yellowish brown
15
1120
1
High Rating
Grey Gum
Eucalyptus propinqua
Red browns to pink
14
1080
1
High Rating

Grey Ironbark

Eucalyptus paniculata
Pale brown to dark chocolate brown with some dark red
 
16.3

1100
1
High Rating

Jarrah 
 
Eucalyptus marginata
 
 Light to dark red
 
8.5
 
800
 2
Reasonably High Rating
 
Karri
 Eucalyptus diversicolor 
 Pale pink to dark reddish brown

9.0
 
900
 2
Reasonably High Rating
Kwila / Merbau
Intsia palemnabica, bijuga
Pale to dark reddish brown
7.2
850
1
High Rating
 
Oak, American White
 
Quercus alba
 Pale yellowish to mid brown, sometimes with a slight pink tinge
 
6.0
 
750
  
4
Low Rating
Oak American Red
Quercus rubra
Eucalyptus delegatensis
6
750
4
Low Rating
 
Oak Tasmanian
(Australian Ash)

Pink to red-brown colouring

Light colour, varying from straw to reddish brown with intermediate shades of cream to pink
 
7.7
 
700
 
3
Moderate Rating
Pine Hoop
Araucaria cunninghamii
From light yellow brown to pale cream
3.4
530
4
Low Rating
Pine Radiata
Pinus radiata
Light brown to pale yellow
3.3
550
4
Low Rating
 
Red Gum
Eucalyptus tereticornis
From light to dark red with a grey or cream-red hues
 
12
 
1050
1
High Rating
 Red Ironbark
 Eucalyptus sideroxylon
 Deep red
 11.9
 1100
 1
High Rating
 
Red Mahogany
 
Eucalyptus resinifera
 
Pale to dark red
 
12.0
 
950
 2
Reasonably High Rating
 Rose Gum 
(Flooded Gum)
 Eucalyptus grandis
 Pale pink to dark orange red
 7.5
 620
   3 
Moderate Rating
 
Rosewood
 
Pterocarpus indicus
From pale yellow and golden brown to dark blood-red
 
4.7
 
650
2
Reasonably High Rating

Spotted Gum 
 
Corymbia maculata

Mid to dark brown with olive hue 

11.0 

950 
 2
Reasonably High Rating
 
Stringy Bark White
Eucalyptus eugenioides
Pale brown with a pinkish tinge
 
8.8
 
900
2
Reasonably High Rating
 
Stringy Bark Yellow
Eucalyptus muelleriana
Yellowish brown with a pink tinge
 
8.5
 
870
2
Reasonably High Rating
 Stringy Bark Silvertop
Eucalyptus laevopinea 
Pale brown with 
a pink tint sometimes
 8.8
 860
 3
Moderate Rating
 Tallowwood
 Eucalyptus microcorys
 Cream dark to yellow brown
 8.6
 990
 1
High Rating
 
Teak
 
Tectonia grandis
Pale yellow to golden brown, often with dark markings
 
4.6
 
670
 
1
 Turpentine
 Syncarpia glomulifera
 Dark pink to reddish brown
 11.6
 950
 1
High Rating
 
Walnut American Black
 
Juglans nigra
Pale to dark brown, often with a purplish tint and some darker streaks
 
9.2
 
600

4
Low Rating
 
Wenge
 
Millettia laurentii
Medium brown, sometimes with a reddish or yellowish hue, with nearly black streaks
 
10
 
880

 2
Reasonably High Rating 
White Mahogany
Eucalyptus acmenoides
Cream to yellow brown
10
1000
1
High Rating

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
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